Boolean operations have the lowest priority of all Python operations:
|expression||::=||or_test [if or_test else test] | lambda_form|
|or_test||::=||and_test | or_test "or" and_test|
|and_test||::=||not_test | and_test "and" not_test|
|not_test||::=||comparison | "not" not_test|
In the context of Boolean operations, and also when expressions are
used by control flow statements, the following values are interpreted
None, numeric zero of all types, and empty
strings and containers (including strings, tuples, lists, dictionaries,
sets and frozensets). All other values are interpreted as true.
x if C else y first evaluates
C (not x); if C is true, x is evaluated and
its value is returned; otherwise, y is evaluated and its value is
New in version 2.5.
(Note that neither and nor or restrict the value
and type they return to
True, but rather return the
last evaluated argument.
This is sometimes useful, e.g., if
s is a string that should be
replaced by a default value if it is empty, the expression
s or 'foo' yields the desired value. Because not has to
invent a value anyway, it does not bother to return a value of the
same type as its argument, so e.g.,
not 'foo' yields
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