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String conversion and formatting — Python v2.6.2 documentation

String conversion and formatting¶

Functions for number conversion and formatted string output.

int PyOS_snprintf(char *str, size_t size, const char *format, ...)¶
Output not more than size bytes to str according to the format string format and the extra arguments. See the Unix man page snprintf(2).
int PyOS_vsnprintf(char *str, size_t size, const char *format, va_list va)¶
Output not more than size bytes to str according to the format string format and the variable argument list va. Unix man page vsnprintf(2).

PyOS_snprintf and PyOS_vsnprintf wrap the Standard C library functions snprintf and vsnprintf. Their purpose is to guarantee consistent behavior in corner cases, which the Standard C functions do not.

The wrappers ensure that str*[*size-1] is always '\0' upon return. They never write more than size bytes (including the trailing '\0' into str. Both functions require that str != NULL, size > 0 and format != NULL.

If the platform doesn’t have vsnprintf and the buffer size needed to avoid truncation exceeds size by more than 512 bytes, Python aborts with a Py_FatalError.

The return value (rv) for these functions should be interpreted as follows:

  • When 0 <= rv < size, the output conversion was successful and rv characters were written to str (excluding the trailing '\0' byte at str*[*rv]).
  • When rv >= size, the output conversion was truncated and a buffer with rv + 1 bytes would have been needed to succeed. str*[*size-1] is '\0' in this case.
  • When rv < 0, “something bad happened.” str*[*size-1] is '\0' in this case too, but the rest of str is undefined. The exact cause of the error depends on the underlying platform.

The following functions provide locale-independent string to number conversions.

double PyOS_ascii_strtod(const char *nptr, char **endptr)¶

Convert a string to a double. This function behaves like the Standard C function strtod does in the C locale. It does this without changing the current locale, since that would not be thread-safe.

PyOS_ascii_strtod should typically be used for reading configuration files or other non-user input that should be locale independent.

New in version 2.4.

See the Unix man page strtod(2) for details.

char * PyOS_ascii_formatd(char *buffer, size_t buf_len, const char *format, double d)¶

Convert a double to a string using the '.' as the decimal separator. format is a printf-style format string specifying the number format. Allowed conversion characters are 'e', 'E', 'f', 'F', 'g' and 'G'.

The return value is a pointer to buffer with the converted string or NULL if the conversion failed.

New in version 2.4.

double PyOS_ascii_atof(const char *nptr)¶

Convert a string to a double in a locale-independent way.

New in version 2.4.

See the Unix man page atof(2) for details.

char * PyOS_stricmp(char *s1, char *s2)¶

Case insensitive comparison of strings. The function works almost identically to strcmp except that it ignores the case.

New in version 2.6.

char * PyOS_strnicmp(char *s1, char *s2, Py_ssize_t size)¶

Case insensitive comparison of strings. The function works almost identically to strncmp except that it ignores the case.

New in version 2.6.

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