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Semaphores are often used to guard resources with limited capacity, for example, a database server. In any situation where the size of the resource size is fixed, you should use a bounded semaphore. Before spawning any worker threads, your main thread would initialize the semaphore:

maxconnections = 5
pool_sema = BoundedSemaphore(value=maxconnections)

Once spawned, worker threads call the semaphore's acquire and release methods when they need to connect to the server:

conn = connectdb()
... use connection ...

The use of a bounded semaphore reduces the chance that a programming error which causes the semaphore to be released more than it's acquired will go undetected.

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