Developpez.com

Python

Choisissez la catégorie, puis la rubrique :

6.3.7 Recipes


6.3.7 Recipes

Here are a few recipes that serve as utility functions and that demonstrate ways to work with the Decimal class:

def moneyfmt(value, places=2, curr='', sep=',', dp='.',
             pos='', neg='-', trailneg=''):
    """Convert Decimal to a money formatted string.

    places:  required number of places after the decimal point
    curr:    optional currency symbol before the sign (may be blank)
    sep:     optional grouping separator (comma, period, space, or blank)
    dp:      decimal point indicator (comma or period)
             only specify as blank when places is zero
    pos:     optional sign for positive numbers: '+', space or blank
    neg:     optional sign for negative numbers: '-', '(', space or blank
    trailneg:optional trailing minus indicator:  '-', ')', space or blank

    >>> d = Decimal('-1234567.8901')
    >>> moneyfmt(d, curr='$')
    '-$1,234,567.89'
    >>> moneyfmt(d, places=0, sep='.', dp='', neg='', trailneg='-')
    '1.234.568-'
    >>> moneyfmt(d, curr='$', neg='(', trailneg=')')
    '($1,234,567.89)'
    >>> moneyfmt(Decimal(123456789), sep=' ')
    '123 456 789.00'
    >>> moneyfmt(Decimal('-0.02'), neg='<', trailneg='>')
    '<.02>'

    """
    q = Decimal((0, (1,), -places))    # 2 places --> '0.01'
    sign, digits, exp = value.quantize(q).as_tuple()
    assert exp == -places    
    result = []
    digits = map(str, digits)
    build, next = result.append, digits.pop
    if sign:
        build(trailneg)
    for i in range(places):
        if digits:
            build(next())
        else:
            build('0')
    build(dp)
    i = 0
    while digits:
        build(next())
        i += 1
        if i == 3 and digits:
            i = 0
            build(sep)
    build(curr)
    if sign:
        build(neg)
    else:
        build(pos)
    result.reverse()
    return ''.join(result)

def pi():
    """Compute Pi to the current precision.

    >>> print pi()
    3.141592653589793238462643383
    
    """
    getcontext().prec += 2  # extra digits for intermediate steps
    three = Decimal(3)      # substitute "three=3.0" for regular floats
    lasts, t, s, n, na, d, da = 0, three, 3, 1, 0, 0, 24
    while s != lasts:
        lasts = s
        n, na = n+na, na+8
        d, da = d+da, da+32
        t = (t * n) / d
        s += t
    getcontext().prec -= 2
    return +s               # unary plus applies the new precision

def exp(x):
    """Return e raised to the power of x.  Result type matches input type.

    >>> print exp(Decimal(1))
    2.718281828459045235360287471
    >>> print exp(Decimal(2))
    7.389056098930650227230427461
    >>> print exp(2.0)
    7.38905609893
    >>> print exp(2+0j)
    (7.38905609893+0j)
    
    """
    getcontext().prec += 2
    i, lasts, s, fact, num = 0, 0, 1, 1, 1
    while s != lasts:
        lasts = s    
        i += 1
        fact *= i
        num *= x     
        s += num / fact   
    getcontext().prec -= 2        
    return +s

def cos(x):
    """Return the cosine of x as measured in radians.

    >>> print cos(Decimal('0.5'))
    0.8775825618903727161162815826
    >>> print cos(0.5)
    0.87758256189
    >>> print cos(0.5+0j)
    (0.87758256189+0j)
    
    """
    getcontext().prec += 2
    i, lasts, s, fact, num, sign = 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1
    while s != lasts:
        lasts = s    
        i += 2
        fact *= i * (i-1)
        num *= x * x
        sign *= -1
        s += num / fact * sign 
    getcontext().prec -= 2        
    return +s

def sin(x):
    """Return the sine of x as measured in radians.

    >>> print sin(Decimal('0.5'))
    0.4794255386042030002732879352
    >>> print sin(0.5)
    0.479425538604
    >>> print sin(0.5+0j)
    (0.479425538604+0j)
    
    """
    getcontext().prec += 2
    i, lasts, s, fact, num, sign = 1, 0, x, 1, x, 1
    while s != lasts:
        lasts = s    
        i += 2
        fact *= i * (i-1)
        num *= x * x
        sign *= -1
        s += num / fact * sign 
    getcontext().prec -= 2        
    return +s

See About this document... for information on suggesting changes.
Contacter le responsable de la rubrique Python

Partenaire : Hébergement Web